HADITH ON CHARITY- SADAQAT & TABLIGH    Home

Hazrat Ali (AS) :  Spend for the cause of God out of what He has provided to you. The spender enjoys the same rank of the Mujahid supporting for the cause of God. He who is certain of the reward will surely spend generously.

When you hand over alms to a beggar, you should ask him to supplicate to God for you, because his supplication for you will be responded while his supplication for himself may not be responded because beggars often lie.

When you want to give alms, you should first kiss the alms because it reaches God's hand before it is handed over to the beggar's. God the Exalted says: It is God who receives the welfare funds Give alms at night, because the night alms extinguish the Lord's wrath. Ref: TUHAF ULUQOUL
(THE MASTERPIECES OF THE MIND)
Pg. 151 

Imam Musa ibn Ja'far (AS) said: "Three acts perfect good deeds: rushing in performing them, hiding them, and not making a big deal out of them. Good deeds are pleasant if done fast. They are important if one does not make a big deal out of them. They are perfect if they are done in secret." MISHKAT UL-ANWAR FI GHURAR AL-AKHBAR : Pg. 284 

Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "There are some servants of God on the Earth who struggle to fulfill the needs of other people. They will be saved on the Resurrection Day MISHKAT UL-ANWAR FI GHURAR AL-AKHBAR : Pg. 285."
 

Imam Sajjad (as) in Risalat Huquq says:-The right of Sadaqa is that you know it is a saving with your Lord and a deposit for which there is no need of witnesses... You should know that it repels afflictions and illnesses in the world and repels the fire in the next. 

Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "Treat your ailments with charity and repel varieties of affliction by invocation."At-Tahthib, vol. 4, Pg.112

Imam Ali (AS) said: "The cause of the cessation of (one's) wealth is leaving the needy heedless."Ghurar-ul-Hikam, vol. 4, Pg. 190

Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "The love of this fleeting world is the origin of all vices."AI-Kafi, vol. 2, Pg. 315

Imam Amir ul Mu'mineen Ali (AS) said: "(To consume) more than needed is extravagance."Mustadrak-ul-Wasa'iI, vol. 15, Pg. 271

Knowledge is the comrade of the faithful believer, clemency is his supporter, patience is the commander of his army, lenience is his brother, and charity is his father. Imam Sadiq (AS)

Patience of the Graces :This category of patience stands for self-control against the inducements of ingratitude. As a matter of fact, steadfastness against tragedies of this life is not preferable to self-control against pleasures, passions, and charms of this world. The neglect of steadfastness against misfortunes results in destroying impatience. Likewise, negligence of self-control in luxury results in ingratitude and exaggeration, which are both detestable: "The human being still tends to rebel when he becomes wealthy (96:6-7)."

Patience of graces means to observe the rights of such graces and exploit them in the fields of charity, such as helping the miserable, aiding the persecuted, settling the believers' needs, and avoiding slips of ingratitude and vanity.
 

Sayings of the Holy Prophet (SAWW) on Charity

`- A man giving in alms one piece of silver in his lifetime is better for him than giving one hundred when about to die.

`- To meet friends cheerfully and invite them to a feast are charitable acts.

`- To extend consideration towards neighbors and send them presents are charitable acts.

Half prosperity, Half distress!

It has been related from Abil Hassan Al Mussa (a.s.) that there was a man amongst the Bani Israelites who saw a dream in which an angel informed him that half of his life would be prosperous and another half would be in distress. The angel asked him to choose whether he would like the first half to be in prosperity or the latter half.

The man woke up from his dream and consulted his wife. His wife advised him to choose the first half to be in prosperity, suggesting that Allah may have mercy on them later on.

The second night the man dreamt the angel again who demanded the answer from him. The man replied exactly what had been discussed by him with his wife. As prophesized by the angel the dream came true and the man was leading a very prosperous life with an abundance of blessings.

However his wife advised him to help his relatives, neighbors and the needy. Soon the first half of his life came to an end, and despite his expectation of problems and distress he found no change in his life, and still had all the blessings. He was puzzled and in this condition he dreamt of an angel who informed him that Allah thanked him for all the charity he had given and so decided to increase the blessings given to him.

A poet once said that if you wish to do good do so, and if you decide to sow a seed then sow a good one since a good seed will produce seven hundred more seedlings but a bad seed will only result in a bad outcome.

The famous poet Firdous says that: "A good deed is for yourself and a bad one also returns back to you". (JAZAA AL AAMAL PAGE 127)

Imam ar-Rida (AS) said: "The application of justice and charity is sign of the continuance of graces."
Justice towards the dead:

The alive should be just towards the dead who departed this life leaving fortunes and gaining nothing in their everlasting journey except a few yards of clothes and narrow spans of the inside of the earth. It is just for the alive to feel sympathetic to the dead and reward them equitably by implementing their wills, defraying their debts, doing charitable and righteous deeds for their sake, and seeking God's forgiveness to them.

Imam as-Sajjad (AS) said: "When Allah will gather the past and the late generations on the Day of Resurrection, a caller that everybody will hear will cry out on those who loved each other for the sake of Allah. A few people will stand up. They will be sent to Paradise without being rendered to judgment. In their way to Paradise, the angels will meet and ask them. 'We are going to our abodes in Paradise without being rendered to judgment,' they will answer. As the angels ask them about their class, they will answer, 'We loved each other for the sake of Allah.' As the angels ask them about their deeds due to which they have gained such a rank, they will answer, 'We loved and hated for the sake of Allah.' The angels then will say: Very well is the reward of the doers of charity."

Imam Ali (AS) sayings

67. Do not feel ashamed if the amount of charity is small because to refuse the needy is an act of greater shame
204. Silence will create respect and dignity; justice and fair play will bring more friends; benevolence and charity will enhance prestige and position; courtesy will draw benevolence; service of mankind will secure leadership and good words will overcome powerful enemies.
118. A conceited and self-admiring person is disliked by others; charity and alms are the best remedy for ailments and calamities; one has to account in the next world for the deeds that he has done in this world.
136. If you want to pray to Allah for better means of subsistence, then first give something in charity
145. Defend your faith (in Allah) with the help of charity. Protect your wealth with the aid of Zakat. Let the prayers guard you from calamities and disasters.

Amir al-Mu'minin (AS) asked his son Hassan Ibn Ali (AS) who replied :

- What is Lowliness?
- To think of cheap things in life and to refuse giving even smallest belongings in charity.
- What is Generosity?
- To give away (in charity) before requested.
- What is Mercy?
- To give and benefit others, whether we are in need and whether full.
- What is Stinginess?
- To consider your property as (your) honor, and what you have given away in charity as wealth that has been wasted.
- What is Wealth?
- To be satisfied with what Allah has given, no matter how small …
- What is Poverty?
- To greed for everything.
- What is Greatness?
- To give away (in charity) in your time of need and to forgive the bad deeds of others.

`^ Kind speech and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury; and Allah is Self-sufficient, Forbearing. 2:263 

`^ If you give alms openly, it is well, and if you hide it and give it to the poor, it is better for you; and this will do away with some of your evil deeds; and Allah is aware of what you do. 2:271 

`^ Imam Jafar bin Muhammad al Sadiq says: Hidden charity appeases the wrath of Allah, does away with the sins as the water puts out the fire, and keeps away several misfortunes. 

`^ The Holy Prophet (SAWW) has said: Seven persons shall be allowed to take refuge with Allah when there will be no other refuge.

`^ He who gives charity in secret by one hand, not letting the other know it. 

`^ And those who spend their property (in alms) to be seen of the people and do not believe in Allah nor in the last day; and as for him whose associate is the Shaitan, an evil associate is he!. 4:38 

`^ And whatever you lay out as usury, so that it may increase in the property of men, it shall not increase with Allah; and whatever you give in charity, desiring Allah's pleasure - it is these (persons) that shall get manifold. 30:39 

`^ And spend out of what We have given you before death comes to one of you, so that he should say: My Lord! why didst Thou not respite me to a near term, so that I should have given alms and been of the doers of good deeds? 63:10 

`^ The best means by which seekers of nearness to Allah, the Glorified, the Exalted, seek nearness, is the belief in Him and His Prophet, fighting in His cause, for it is the high pinnacle of Islam, to giving alms secretly for it covers shortcomings, giving alms openly for it protects against a bad death and extending benefits (to people) for it saves from positions of disgrace. NB Sr 109 

`^ A conceited and self-admiring person is disliked by others; charity and alms are the best remedy for ailments and calamities; one has to account in the next world for the deeds that he has done in this world. NB Sy7 

`^ Do not feel ashamed if the amount of charity is small because to refuse the needy is an act of greater shame. NBSy68 

`^ If you want to pray to Allah for better means of subsistence, then first give something in charity NB Sy135 

`^ Silence will create respect and dignity; justice and fair play will bring more friends; benevolence and charity will enhance prestige and position; NB Sy203 

`^ KNOW - God have mercy upon you - that God has rights against you and that these encompass you in every movement through which you move, every rest through which you rest, every way station in which you reside, every limb which you employ, and every instrument which you put to work. Some of these rights are greater and some less.. [B] Then He gave your acts rights against you: He gave [13] your charity a right against you, SS –Rights
 

(10) Give us success in this month to tighten our bonds of kin with devotion and gifts, attend to our neighbors with bestowal and giving, rid our possessions from claims, purify them through paying the alms, SS dua 44 

Q.83 Is it permissible to set aside sadaqa (legally prescribed alms tax) money with the intent of giving it to the poor and could the said money be exchanged for another? 

`^ Setting the money aside per se would not render it as a mustahab (voluntary, and meritorious, act of worship) sadaqa.2:(215) 

`^ Islam is the only religion which makes spending (in the way of Allah) obligatory. Every Muslim must follow the divine commandments as to how the bounties of Allah, given to him, should be shared with his less fortunate relatives and fellow-creatures.

`^ This verse tells us the order in which charity should be given. First, in the list, are the parents, then the near kindred, the orphans, the needy and the wayfarer. There is no reward if parents and the nearer kindred are overlooked in order to meet the demands of others. The needs of the parents should be cared for as a duty without the embarrassment of their having to ask for the same. The Holy Prophet advised his followers to take care of the parents, brothers and sisters, and the nearest relatives first, and then the others. It must also be noted that wars (in self-defence) require funds. To finance such wars is as important as spending for the helpless relatives, because it is in the interest of the whole community that the invaders should not be allowed to destroy the polity of the faithful. 
 

 Imam Husayn bin Ali used to give alms from behind the door, so that the needy might not feel ashamed and humiliated. His son, Imam Ali bin Husayn, used to kiss the hand of the needy before giving anything in charity, because, according to verse 104 of al Tawbah, it is Allah who takes the alms. 2:262 tafseer 

Allah (SWT) declares in the Holy Quran: "Then as for him who gives away and guards (against evil), and accepts the best, We will facilitate for him the easy end." (Surah Lail, verse 5-7)

The Holy Prophet (SAWW) says: "Nothing shall ensure the welfare (and interests) of your religion except generosity and good disposition." (Jami al-Saadaat , vol. 1, pg. 308)
 
What Shall I Answer Imam al-Zamana (a.t.f.s.)?

Sheikh Zainul Abidin Mazandarani, a student of the author of (the book) Jawahir and (also of) Sheikh Ansari, lived in the city of Kerbala. In connection with his generosity and alms-giving, it has been recorded that he would borrow as much money as he could and then distribute it amongst the needy, and his debts would then be repaid by those coming to Kerbala from India.

One day a destitute arrived at his door and asked for alms. Not having any money with him, the Sheikh picked up his copper jar, handed it to him and said: "Take this and sell it."

A couple of days later when his family members realized that the jar was missing, they created an uproar, shouting: "A thief has taken away our jar." When the Sheikh, who was in his library, heard the outcry, he said to them: "Do not accuse the thieves for I am the one who has taken the jar."

Once, on one of his trips to Samarrah, he fell seriously ill. Mirza Shirazi paid him a visit and began comforting him, whereupon the Sheikh said to him: "I am not at all fearful of death; my uneasiness is due to the
fact that according to our beliefs, when we die, our souls are taken in the presence of the Imam-e-Asr (12th Imam) (peace be upon him). If, at that time, the Imam were to question me: "O' Zainul 'Abidin! With the credibility and esteem that we had bestowed upon you, you could have borrowed a greater amount of money for helping the needy than what you used to; why then did you not do so? … What shall I answer him?'"

It is reported that Mirza Shirazi was greatly affected by these words; returning home, he brought out all the religious taxes that lay in his house and distributed them amongst the needy.
(Reference : Anecdotes for Reflection, Volume 3, pg72)
 

Closeness to Prophet (SAWW) Mullah Muhammad Taqi Al Barghani who is commonly known as the 'Third Martyr' related that his father saw in his dream the Holy Prophet Muhammed (S.A.W.W.) surrounded by so many Scholars of Islam.

However, he saw the son of the scholar called Fahad Al Hilli sitting very close to the Prophet (SAWW). Mullah Barghani says that he was surprised to see this when there were other scholars who were gr
eater in caliber, knowledge and their service to Islam who were not sitting so close to the Holy Prophet (SAWW).

Mullah Barghani's father asked the Prophet (SAWW) the reason for this, and the Prophet replied that it was because all the scholars surrounding him used to give charity when they possessed something, but if they didn't have any property they didn't give anything to the person who was begging or in need. However the son of Fahad Al Hilli used to give in charity despite not possessing anything extra, and used to sacrifice his personal belongings in order to fulfill other people's needs.
This gave him a higher degree of proximity to the Prophet. (MARDAANE ILM DAR AMAL PAGE 228)
 

TABLIGH

17. The Holy Prophet (SAWW) said: "He who propagates religious affairs without having required competency does a disservice to the religion rather than serving it. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, Pg.121

20. Imam Baqir (AS) said: "Try to learn knowledge because learning it is a good action and study is itself a worship. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, Pg. 189

21. Imam Amir ul Mu'mineen Ali (AS) said: "The one who seeks for knowledge is like a warrior in the cause of religion for the way of Allah. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, Pg. 179

22. Imam Sadiq (AS) said: " Be careful of your knowledge and see from whom you get it. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, Pg. 92

23. Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "Try to obtain knowledge and ornament it with patience and dignity; and be humble for the one who learns knowledge from you. "Al-Kafi, vol.1, Pg. 36

24. Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "The one who learns knowledge and acts accordingly, and teaches it for Allah, will be called magnificently in heavens. "Al-Kafi, vol.1, Pg.35

25. The Holy Prophet (SAWW) said: "The good of this world and the world to come is with knowledge. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol.1, Pg. 204

26. Imam Amir ul Mu'mineen Ali (AS) said: "Acquiring knowledge is not possible while the body (person) is tranquil. "Ghurar-ul-Hikam, Pg. 348

27. Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "Safeguard your writings and books because soon the occasion will arise that you will be in need of them. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, Pg.152

28. Imam Hassan (AS) said: "Teach your knowledge to others and (try to) learn yourself the knowledge of others. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, Pg. 111

29. The Holy Prophet (SAWW) said: "The virtue of knowledge is more beloved with Allah than the virtue of worship. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, Pg. 167

38. The Holy Prophet (SAWW) said: "He who leads (others) to piety (will be rewarded) the same as the doer of that good action. "Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 96, Pg. 119

52. Imam Sajjad (AS) said: "The meeting of the righteous invites you to goodness. ""Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, Pg.141
 

Q) Is it permissible to set aside Sadaqa (legally prescribed alms tax) with the intent of giving it to the poor and could the said money be exchanged for another?

A) Setting the money aside per se would not render it as a Mustahab (voluntary and meritorious act of worship) Sadaqa.

Q) If the money for "Sadaqa" is being kept aside on a regular basis and is distributed to the poors when a good amount accumulates, when the need arises, can one take from it a loan and later on replace with the same currency?

A) Taking a loan from that jar of sadaqa money would not be right. However, changing it in the sense that you have many coins in there and you change it with bills since you need the coins --- that should be okay. (answered by Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi)

 

Charity Arabic

ول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : من أعطى درهماً في سبيل الله كتب الله له سبع مائة حسنة

(بحار الأنوار المجلد 7 صفحة 122، مستدرك وسائل الشيعة المجلد 7 صفحة 159)

2- عن أبي عبد الله الصادق عليه السلام قال: ملعون ملعون من وهب الله له مالاً فلم يتصدق منه بشيء، أما سمعت أن النبي صلى الله عليه

 وآله قال
: صدقة درهم أفضل من صلوات عشر ليال (مستدرك وسائل الشيعة المجلد 7 صفحة 157- منشورات قم المقدسة)

3- عن الإمام محمد الباقر عليه السلام قال: إن الصدقة لتدفع سبعين بلية من بلايا الدنيا

(فروع الكافي المجلد 4 صفحة 6، بحار الأنوار المجلد 96 صفحة 135)

4- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم:  إن الصدقة لتطفأ غضب الرب

(نهج الفصاحة حديث رقم 646 صفحة 283)

5- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : تصدقوا فإن الصدقة فكاككم من النار 

(نهج الفصاحة حديث رقم 1151 صفحة 382)

6- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : إن الصدقة لتطفأ عن أهلها حر القبور 

(نهج الفصاحة حديث رقم 632 صفحة 283)

7- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : تصدقوا فإن الصدقة فكاككم من النار

 (نهج الفصاحة حديث رقم 1151 صفحة 382)

8- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : داوو مرضاكم بالصدقة

 (بحار الأنوار المجلد 93 صفحة 118)

9- قال الإمام علي بن الحسين عليه  : ما من رجل تصدق على مسكين مستضعف فدعا له المسكين بشيء إلا أستجيب له

 (ثواب الأعمال صفحة 176)

10 - قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : إن لكل شيء مفتاح ومفتاح الرزق الصدقة 

(بحار الأنوار المجلد 93 صفحة 134)

11- قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام : إن المسكين رسول الله إليكم فمن منعه فقد منع الله ومن أعطاه فقد أعطى الله

 

 12- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : إذا أصبحت فتصدّق بصدقة تذهب عنك نحس ذلك اليوم وإذا أمسيت فتصدّق بصدقة

 تذهب عنك نحس تلك الليلة
(بحار الأنوار المجلد 93 صفحة 136)

13- قال الإمام الصادق عليه السلام : الصدقة يوم الجمعة تُضاعف لفضل يوم الجمعة على غيره من الأيام 

(لآلئ الأخبار المجلد 3 صفحة 20 )

BACK TO HOME PAGE