Agha Nűri has illustrated the importance of Sadaqah
with forty incidents in his book Kalematul Tayyaba.
One of the incidents mentioned therein is quoted by the
great scholar, Akhund Mulla al-Fath ‘Ali from his
relates that in a particular year when prices
had soared high I had sown barley on a piece of
land that belonged to me. By chance my crop
matured earlier than other people’s crop and
soon the grain was ready for consumption. Since
at that time all classes of people were facing
shortage and hunger, I decided not to make any
profit on my produce and went to the mosque and
announced that any needy person may take barley
from that farm till the other crops are ready.
But even a beggar must take only as much as
needed by his dependants. So people went to my
farm and carried away barley according to their
requirements. After the other crops had matured
I ordered my agents to have a look at that farm
also, in case some grain still remained in the
When the grain from this farm was collected I
was astonished that it exceeded the sum total
that I had grown on other pieces of land. In
spite of the needy people taking barley from
this farm there was no decrease in its crop.
Ordinarily it would not have been possible to
find a single stalk on this land. Subsequently
all the lands that were used for barley
cultivation remain barren for the rest of the
year as they are only cultivable once a year.
However, in the case of this land it continued
to thrive even without sowing any seeds or
nurturing it. At last spring arrived and it
stopped snowing. The farm was still laden with
crops and more fertile than other lands.
I was so astonished that I began to doubt if it
is some other land. When the accounts were
balanced it was found that the output of this
farm was many times that of all other pieces of
Also related from the late gentleman is that he
had a grape orchard by the roadside. When for
the first time the orchard was laden with fruits
the owner told the caretaker not to pluck the
grapes from the trees lining the boundary wall
along the road. These were left for those who
passed by the orchard. Thus till the time grapes
were ripe the wayfarers plucked grapes from
these peripheral creepers.
At the end of the grape season he ordered his
farm workers to check if any grapes remained
near the boundary walls. May be some were hidden
behind the leaves and overlooked by passers by.
However, it was found that the grapes obtained
from this area exceeded the total yield of the
rest of the orchard. In spite of the fact that
passers by had taken grapes to their heart’s
content there was no decrease in them.
The same worthy person has also narrated that
every year after wheat was reaped and the grain
brought to his residence, he used to calculate
Zakat on it and pay to the deserving people. One
year before the grain was brought home he
thought delay in paying Zakat was uncalled for.
And immediately distributed the prescribed share
to those who were qualified to receive it. Later
the remaining grain was taken home, cleaned and
put in huge containers. When the quantity was
computed it was found that the amount paid as
Zakat had not reduced from the sum total. The
quantity was the same as before Zakat was
In the same
above-mentioned book it is narrated from Haji Mahdi
Sultanabadi: One year after the wheat season when all
the grain was cut I weighed it and paid Zakat at that very
place. After this the grain remained there for a month.
Animals and even rats continued to feed upon it. Later when
I weighed it again the quantity was the same as before. The
quantity that I had paid as Zakat and all that the animals
had consumed did not decrease the quantity.
on lectures by Moulana Sadiq Hassan from
knowledge of fiqh about a good deed can sometime lead to
punishment (azaab) instead of reward (sawab) from Allah even
though the intention may initially be good. There are many
examples of this.
Story of a wife, who after the death of her husband, donated
all his property and wealth to the poor, but she earned
hellfire because she did not know the rules of fiqh that
after the husband’s death, his property and wealth must be
distributed to heirs according to the Islamic laws of
inheritance. According to fiqh, the wife gets only a small
portion of husband's property and wealth. After husband's
death, she can not even spend his money on his children
unless the husband has made her as his wali (guardian)
during his life time or through a will. Writing of Will (wasiyah)
is very important for people living in the West.
Charity in the way of Allah has greatest sawab but only
if it is done with your halal earning. Shaitan acts very
strongly against charity givers.
Sadqa is the the best protection from problems of this
world and also of akhirah.
Sadqa becomes sadqa and is effective only when it reaches
the poor. Collecting sadqa in a box on a daily basis has
no effect of sadqa unless it reaches the poor immediately.
How to get sawab of Sadqa if poor are not available where
you live? Knowledge of fiqh offers solutions to this
problem. There are three methods:
you know some poor person overseas or anywhere whom
you send money on a monthly basis or regularly, get
permission from him that you will be sending sadqa
on a monthly/quarterly basis to him; or
(ii) Get permission from Mujtahid or his wakil
(representative) for giving sadqa by collection in a
box and sending it to the poor after a fixed
duration. This method can also be used for
collection of sadqa at Islamic Centres or Mosques;
(iii) Give loan (Qarzae hasna) to some poor in lump
sum in advance, then give sadqa (by intention) to
that person from that loan as and when required.
Thus the loan will be written off through sadqa.
Method no (iii) above is known as ‘IBRA’ in Arabic,
and this method can also be used for paying fitra or
sehme sadat in advance.