Ethical Role-Models by Sayyid Mahdi As-Sadr
stands for seeking high rank and respect of people by
hypocrites try to deceive Allah but He, in fact,
deceives them. They stand up in prayer lazily just
to show that they pray, but, in truth they remember
Allah very little. (4:142)"
"Whoever desires to meet his Lord should strive
righteously and should worship no one besides Him.
"…Like the one who spends his property to show off
and who has no faith in Allah or belief in the Day
of Judgment. (2:264)"
will come upon people in which their intentions will be
evil and their appearances will be deceiving—all out of
their greediness for the worldly pleasures. Their deeds
will not be heartily intended for the sake of Allah.
Their religion will be showiness. They will not feel
fearful at all. Then, Allah will inflict upon them with
such harsh punishment that they will not be responded
even if they pray for Him like the drowned."
Prophet (SAWW) said:
Day of Resurrection,) some people will be taken to Hell.
The Lord will order Malik to tell Hell not to burn those
individuals' feet, because they used them for walking to
the mosques, not to burn their faces, because they used
to perform the (ritual) ablution so perfectly, not to
burn their hands, because they used to raise them in
supplications, and not to burn their tongues, because
they used to recite the Quran very frequently. Then, the
angel in charge of Hell will ask them about their
manners. They will answer: We used to do all these
things not for the sake of Allah. Hence, we were told to
take the rewards of our deeds from those for whom we
used to do."
of showiness is polytheism. Certainly, he who does
something for the sake of people should take the reward
from people, but whoever does purely for the sake of
Allah will take his reward from Allah."
"As for anyone who keeps secret a good deed, Allah will
sooner or later reveal a good reputation for him. As for
him who keeps secret an evil, Allah will sooner or later
reveal an ill reputation for him."
1. Showiness of the
This category of showiness stands for pretending faith and
concealing disbelief. It is hypocrisy, which is the most
serious and the gravest danger on Muslims.
2. Showiness of Acts
This category stands for practicing acts of worship openly
before people so as to show them, while the same acts of
worship are neglected in seclusions. As example of this
category is to offer prayers openly, show the signs of
fasting, prolong the gestures of the prayer, recite in a
distinguishable way, frequent to the mosques, witness the
collective prayers incessantly, and practice similar acts
pretentiously. The showy, in this case, is considered as
more sinful than the neglector of worship because he does so
out of his disregarding God and trying to deceive people.
Under this category lie the pretence of being pious, having
the beard unshaved, branding the forehead as a sign of
frequent prostration, dressing hard clothes, and the like
false appearances of ascetics.
4. Verbal Showiness
Under this category lie the false declamation of wisdom,
pretence of enjoining good and forbidding evil, and
mentioning the divine reward and punishment.
Fondness of high rank is the most important incentive of
(2) The anticipation of criticism is a reason
that pushes man to pretend to show acts of worship and
charity in order to avoid censure.
(3) Greed is a strong incentive urging showiness.
(4) The criminals try to dress themselves with
false appearances of piety so as to cover up themselves.
For the purpose of completing this discussion, it is
suitable to refer to some facts:
Scholars have had different opinions regarding the
preference of the concealment or exposure of the acts of
obedience. In abstract, deeds are subject to intentions, and
each will be rewarded according to his intention. Thus,
there is no difference between concealed or open showiness.
Likewise, the semi-showiness does not differ, whether it is
hidden or shown. In definite situations, it is preferable
for those who cannot stand their showiness, because of its
intense incentives in their inner selves, to conceal it. On
the other hand, if one's deed is purified from blemishes of
showiness and intended for a good purpose, such as enjoining
charity, it is, in this case, preferable to show the
appearances of piety.
In case sincerity is heartily intended in the acts of
worship, it is inoffensive to show people such appearances
and to be pleased by them provided that the source of such
pleasure is the expectation of God's favor.
al-Baqir (a) was asked whether it is acceptable to be
pleased by showing one's good deeds before others. He
answered: "This is not unacceptable. As a matter of
fact, every single individual likes that Allah reveals
his good deeds before others provided that such good
deeds are not intended for showing off."
Since the Devil uses all trickeries for inducing people so
as to prevent them from going on in the plans of charity and
obedience, it is necessary to beware of him. The Devil urges
to neglect the acts of worship. If he fails in this regard,
he induces eagerly to show off. If he fails in this regard
too, he casts in minds the idea that they are showing off
and that all the deeds are mixed with showiness. Such being
the case, it is necessary to reject the devilish
inspirations and pay no attention to the inducements and
insinuations of the Devil. The true sincere, however, cannot
be cheated by such ill inspirations.
On the authority of his fathers, Imam as-Sadiq narrated
that the Prophet (AS) said:
Shaitan inspires you, during your prayers, that you are
showing off, you should then offer your prayers as long
as you like unless the time of another obligatory prayer
begins. The same thing is said about any other act that
is done for sake of the life to come. But if the act was
for a worldly benefit, you should then rest yourselves."
Showiness, being mere cheating and deception, is undesirable
manner indicating self-humbleness. The fickle and the
deviant take showiness for achieving their goals without
feeling embarrassed. The showy, however, commits two grand
sins: he first challenges God because he prefers the
servants to their Lord and, second, cheats people by means
of hypocrisy and pretence. Regarding his impudence and
foolhardiness, the showy looks like an individual stopping
before a great king showing false loyalty, while he, in the
meantime, is cheating that king by courting the bond maidens
or flirting with the servants. It is very appropriate for
that king to punish such an individual so harshly for his
disparagement and ridicule. The showy deserves a harsher
punishment, because he disparages God and cheats His
servants. Moreover, care is the share of the showy in the
end: as he flatters for gaining the impossible; that is the
content of all people, he gains nothing but disappointment.
In truth, ill-heartedness very soon floats on the surface to
show the reality. Referring to this fact, the Prophet (SAWW)
for anyone who keeps something in the mind, Allah
will dress him with that thing. If it is good, the
dress will be good, but if it is bad, the dress,
likewise, will be bad."
Practical Treatment of Showiness :
To challenge the Devil and frustrate his trickeries and
insinuations by using logical method of
(2) To reject the devilish inspirations of
showiness completely by relying upon sincerity.
(3) To avoid the fields and appearances of
showiness by concealing the acts of worship until
self-confidence and sincerity are gained.
anecdotes of showiness, it is narrated that a Bedouin, as he
entered a mosque, was highly admired by the prayer offered
by a person. 'I was highly admired by your prayer,' said the
Bedouin. 'What is more, I am fasting,' said that person,
'the prayer of the fasting people are rewarded doubly.' The
Bedouin then handed the reins of his camel to that person as
a trust because he had something to do for a while. As the
Bedouin left, that person took the camel and ran away. As he
was back, the Bedouin did not find his camel or that person.
He searched for him for a long time, but uselessly. He then
left showing his grief for his camel that he lost because of
that man's showiness.
It is also narrated that Hazarat Ali (AS) threatened
the Bedouin who did not offer his prayer properly with the
stick that he had in the hand. The man repeated his prayer
and, when he finished, asked whether this one had been
better than the previous. 'No,' answered Ali, 'the first one
was better, because it was offered for the sake of God,
while this one was offered out of fear of the stick.'
This is from the grace of my LORD & In the Service of His
Last Hujjat (a.t.f.s)
Islâm Is My
Religion, Allâh Is My God
Mohammad Is My Prophet~ Ali Is My Imam
Ahlul-Bayt Is My Love~ Quran Is My Book
Al Qibla Is My Direction~ Mekkah Is My Wish
Jannâh Is My Goal!
Please do remember in your valuable prayers and remember
H.Prophet (s.a.w) Say's:
cannot treat people by means of your wealth; hence, you
should treat them by means of your moral conduct"
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